Oculoplastic Surgery is cosmetic and reconstructive procedures on the eyelids, orbit (bones and anatomic structures behind the eyeball) and lacrimal (tear drain) system.
The cavity in the skull that contains the eye is called the orbit formed from parts of frontal, sphenoid, zygomatic, lachrymal, ethmoid, palatine and maxillary bones. Eye doctor plays a role in treating /managing fracture of any of these bones in case of trauma.
Patients of all ages may need Oculoplasty, i.e. eyelid and facial reconstructive surgery for needs purely cosmetic or purely functional. The most advanced and innovative techniques of facial and eyelid surgery for such conditions as excess upper eyelid skin that obstructs vision (bleharoplasty), eyelid ptosis(droopy eyelids), entropion(eyelids that turn in), ectropion(eyelids that turn out), problems of the tear ducts, and thyroid eye disease.
Ectropion – It is a condition where the lower eyelid turns outward causing redness, irritation, watery eyes, infection, crusting, vision impairment, and damage to the cornea (surface of the eye). This is usually a result of facial aging, injury, tumour, or Bell’s Palsy. The surgeon corrects it by doing the needful to the supporting tissues and muscles around the eyelid.
Entropion – Here the eyelashes to rub against the eye as the eyelid turns inwards. Caused by laxity of the eyelid and/or spasm of the eyelid muscle, it may produce tear, infection, resulting vision impairment, and even damage to the cornea (surface of the eye). Repair of the supporting structures of the eyelid by an oculoplastic surgeon easily corrects the problem.
Eyelid Ptosis – It makes the upper eyelid droop, the cause of which may be injury to the muscle, congenital defect, muscle disorders, nerve disorders, or aging. It can obstruct vision when severe and create a tired or aged appearance. Children may require early correction to prevent development of a ‘lazy eye’, if this obstructs the line of vision.
Safe & minimally invasive procedure which takes care of wrinkles around the eye & on forehead. It is also indicated in condition like hemifacial spasms or in excessive painful twitching of eyelids. It can also be used in eye muscle disorders to align the eyes.