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Ojas Eye Hospital has announced the fellowship course in vitreo retinal surgery for academic year of 2013-2014.

Course Fee and Duration

Rs.1, 00,000/- for 12th Months course


Candidates should have passed Diplomate of National Board (DNB) Ophthalmology or MS/MD in Ophthalmology under recognized medical collages in India by Medical Council of India (MCI)

Basic Subjects

History taking relevant to Vitreo-retinal Diseases ,Methods of fundus examination Ultrasonography-theory, technique and interpretation ,Fundus Fluorescein Angiography – Theory, Technique and interpretation Electro diagnostic studies – Electro retinography, electro oculography and Visually evoked potentials-theory, technique and interpretation, Photocoagulation-Theory, and Principles Anatomy: Surgical anatomy of posterior segment (pars plana, vitreoretinal relationships, Ultra structure of retina and vitreous and other relevant anatomy, Physiology of posterior segment.

Medical Retinal Diseases

Vascular retinopathies:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Eales’ disease
  • Sickle cell retinopathy
  • Vascular occlusions
  • Ocular Ischemic Syndrome
  • Coat’s disease

Degenerative Diseases of Retina:

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa and Variants
  • Gyrate atrophy
  • Choroideremia
  • Retinoschisis and other retinal degenerative diseases

Retinal detachment and related disorders: (Clinical Diagnosis, differential diagnosis, predisposing factors, etiology):

  • Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
  • Tractional retinal detachment
  • Exudative retinal detachment

Congenital and childhood disorders:

  • Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy
  • Norrie’s disease, congenital retinal dysplasias and other causes of congenital retinal detachments
  • Colobomata of choroids and disc

Infective and related conditions:

  • Endophthalmitis
  • Toxocararetinochoroiditis
  • Viral Retinitis
  • AIDS and the eye
  • Other parasitic diseases like cysticercosis, Gnathostomiasisetc


  • Retinoblastoma
  • Melanoma
  • Cilinary body tumors
  • Phacomatosis
  • Optic nerve head tumors
  • Miscellaneous – choroidal hemangioma, ocular lymphomas, secondaries, combined hamartoma, hemangloma of retina

Vitreous disorders:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Asteroid hyalosis
  • Posterior Vitreous Detachment
  • Vitreoretinal interface disorders like epiretinal membranes and macular holes

Anterior Segment disorders of Importance to Vitreoretinal surgeons

  • Dislocated lens
  • Dislocated IOL
  • After Cataract and other pupillary membranes
  • Irvine Gass syndrome and Vitreous wick syndrome
  • Complicated Cataract
  • Malignant Glaucoma

Macular disorders:

  • Macular hole
  • Dislocated IOLHeredomacular diseases
  • Epimacular Proliferation
  • Age related macular degeneration and other causes of Choroidal
  • Neovascular Membrane
  • Cystoid Macular Edema
  • Macro Aneurysm
  • Idiopathic Parafoveal Telangiectasia

Traumatic disorders:

  • Globe rupture
  • Double perforations
  • Intraocular foreign body

Surgery for Vitreoretinal Diseases


  • Instrumentation for scleral buckling and vitreoretinal surgery
  • Infusion fluids and buckle materials
  • Vitreous substitutes – SF6, C3 F8, Silicone oil, perfluoro carbon liquid
  • Techniques of scleral buckling – Implant, explant techniques
  • Pneumatic retinopexy
  • Basic vitreous surgery
  • Membrane removal techniques
  • Fluid air exchange
  • Endolaser and endocryo
  • Retinotomies and retinectomics

Surgical Management of Specific diseases:

  • Giant retinal tear with RD
  • Retinal detachment with Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
  • Complications of Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Macular hole
  • Epimacular proliferation
  • Submacular surgery
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Retinoschisis
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Dislocated lens, nucleus, IOL
  • Intraocular cysticercosis and other parasites
  • Traumatic complications such as vitreous hemorrhage, dialysis, GRT and tractional and combined retinal detachment, IOFB.
  • Combined penetrating Keratoplasty and Vitreoretinal surgery
  • Miscellaneous – Ectatic scleral disorders, eye wall resection

Practical Exposure to the following techniques is required

Examination techniques:

  • Direct Ophthalmoloscopy
  • Indirect Ophthalmoscopy with scleral indentation
  • Slit lamp biomicroscopy using +78 or +90d lens and contact lenses such as Goldmann, Mainster, Panfundoscopic lens
  • Routine Ophthalmological examination techniques including slit lamp examination, applanation tonometry, Gonioscopyetc

Special Investigations:

  • B-Scan Ultrasonography
  • Fundus fluorescein angiography /indocyanine green angiography
  • Indocyanine green angiography
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Electro diagnostic studies
  • Transillumination

OPD Procedures:

  • Paracentesis
  • Intra vitreal injection
  • OPD fluid air exchange
  • Laser Photocoagulation
  • Trans conjunctival cryopexy
  • Laser diopexy

Surgical procedures:

  • Scleral buckling
  • Pars plana Anterior segment procedures
  • Pars planavitreo retinal procedures for vitreous hemorrhage, Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, TRD etc

Teaching Schedule

  • Didactic lectures – twice a month
  • Journal club – once a week
  • Discussion on Fluorescein Angiogram/ICG/OCT – Once a week
  • Discussion on Ultra sonogram – Once a week
  • Case presentation – once a week

What is expected of the Fellow:

  • Assist all varieties of Vitreoretinal surgeries
  • Assist in the out patient department in the disposal of cases
  • Take part in overall patient care
  • Independently perform under supervision few scleral buckle, pars planalensectomies, membranectomies, and simple vitrectomies.
  • Perform independently photocoagulations both by slit lamps and indirect delivery method
  • Aim to present at least one paper in any conference
  • Maintain log book with all details as exemplified
  • At least one research work leading to publication in peer reviewed journal.

Fellowship Application Form Vitreo Retina Surgery: Download Application Form

Ojas Eye Hospital A Center of Excellence for Contoura Vision, Femto Bladefree Lasik in Mumbai, India.