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Ojas Eye Hospital in Bandra, Kandivali, Mumbai

Age-Related Eye Diseases

October 27, 2020

Introduction

Various diseases occur in the body due to aging. Eye health is also age-sensitive. Various diseases start developing in the eyes as we age. Some diseases are vision threatening and require immediate treatment, while some cause reduced vision and lower the quality of life.

What Are The Various Age-Related Eye Diseases?

As we age, the body starts developing various problems. Various diseases develop due to age. These are termed as age-related diseases. Age affects various organs such as the brain,heart, bones, and skin. People do sometimes forget that eye is also sensitive to aging. Various diseases occur in the eyes due to aging.

The ophthalmologists aim to prevent and slow the progression of the disease. For this one  has to visit the eye doctor’s clinic. Thus, the elderly must have a routine visit to maintain the healthy status of their eyes.

Following are some of the age-related eye diseases:

Age-related macular degeneration: Macula is an area in the retina which is responsible for sharp central vision. As we age, the macula degenerates,and hence the condition is known as age-related macular degeneration. The symptoms include difficulty in reading and inability to complete the tasks requiring minute vision related details.

Cataract: There is a lens inside the eye. The light passes through this lens and gets focused in the retina.When we are young, the lens is clear. However, as one ages, possibly due to free radicals formed in the lens,It begins to become cloudy. This condition is called a cataract. You may experience blurred vision, distorted vision, and cloudy vision due to cataracts.

Presbyopia: As we age, the ability of the eye to read the fine prints diminishes. The condition generally starts at the age of 40 years. People suffering from presbyopia have to hold the reading material far from their vision to read it. The condition can be managed through the use of reading glasses. If left untreated, it may lead to headache and tired eyes.

Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a vision-threatening condition. If not diagnosed and managed at anearly stage, the condition may cause permanent loss of vision and blindness. In this condition,there is increased pressure due to fluid accumulation in the yes. These causes pressure on the optic nerve leading to its damage. Many people do not have symptoms until the advanced stage. It is important to get a routine eye check-up, especially if you have an increased risk for glaucoma.

Dry eyes: Eyes are regularly supplied with the fluid from tear glands. In some people, tear glands may either not able to make sufficient tears or the tear produced is of poor quality. This leads to dry eyes. If you have dry eyes, you may experience irritation, burning sensation, and blurred vision.

Other retinal disorders: Other retinal disorders related to aging are retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy. Retinal detachment, if not treated early, may result in permanent loss of vision. Diabetic retinopathy is a serious complication of diabetes and may also cause vision loss.

Temporal arteritis: Temporal arteritis is a condition in which there is a problem in the arteries of the temporal area of the head. The condition may result in headache, tenderness, sudden loss of vision, and pain while chewing. The loss of vision in this condition is usually permanent.

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