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Ojas Eye Hospital in Bandra, Kandivali, Mumbai

Ways To Improve Vision In People Over 50 Years Of Age

June 3, 2022

INTRODUCTION
Your eyes need more care after reaching the age of 40s and 50s. Unfortunately, many functions of the body will start to deteriorate as you age, eyesight being one of them. With increasing age, you will notice several changes in your vision.

Initially, people around the age of 40 might notice that they have difficulty in reading small fonts of the menu at a restaurant or reading text messages on phones or while reading newspapers. They gradually lose the ability to focus from far objects to near ones quickly and accurately.

People also notice difficulty in focusing on objects at long distances due to cataract. The condition makes driving even more challenging as people are not able to read road signs. They can put their and others lives in danger. 

Other symptoms one can experience due to cataract are

  • Difficulty in differentiating similar colours and patterns
  • Decreased ability to see colours
  • Reduced depth perception
  • Glare while driving at night
  • Double vision or ghost images

COMMON OLD AGE EYE CONDITIONS

  • Refractive errors

These are the most frequent eye problems.  It includes myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism (vision distortion). It can be corrected by using eyeglasses, contact lenses and surgery.

  • Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)

People over 60s are most affected by ARMD. It may lead to vision loss due to the degeneration of the retina. Early stages can be managed with intravitreal injections and laser treatment. In advanced disease the visual prognosis is very poor, hence frequent eye examinations and home monitoring with amslers chart is important.

  • Cataract

It is very common in people over 40. The natural lens of the eyes become opaque and harder hence cannot transmit light or focus at different distances, leading to poor vision. Early stages of cataract don’t require any treatment, but if the cataract is advanced or if the blurry vision starts interfering with your day to day activities, you will require surgery to restore normal vision.

  • Diabetic retinopathy

It is a serious complication of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the blood vessels of the retina and leads to retinal swelling and lipid deposits in the retina.  Good sugar control can significantly reduce diabetic retinopathy. Treatment includes intravitreal injections, laser and surgery.

  • Glaucoma

Glaucoma is more likely to develop in people over 40. The pressure of the eyes increases and can damage the optic nerve, leading to progressive visual loss. The condition is not curable but it can be managed effectively if diagnosed in the early stages with medical and surgical management.

  • Presbyopia

When a person isn’t able to focus on close objects such as phones or newspapers, they could be suffering from presbyopia. Trouble in reading, frequent headaches and eye strain are the symptoms of presbyopia. Such patients are advised glasses to help them read at closer distances.

TIPS TO IMPROVE VISION IN PEOPLE OVER 50 YEARS
There are many ways to improve vision in people over the age of 50 years.

  • Regular eye check-ups

Regular eye examination by a doctor is the only way to identify the health of your eyes. A doctor will examine your eyes first and then by dilating them with eye drops. The dilation of the eyes helps to detect eye conditions such as glaucoma and retinopathy.

  • Wear protective glasses

            Protective glassses prevents eyes from injury, damage and irritation caused due to foreign particles entering the eyes.

  • Sunglasses

Sunglasses are not only considered as a fashion accessory, they also helps in protecting eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays that increase the risk of cataracts and eye cancer.

  • Diet supplements

A diet which rich in vitamin A, C and E is beneficial for eyes. Fruits and vegetables such as papaya, carrots, almonds, peanut butter, spinach, oranges are excellent for promoting and maintaining eye health.

  • Management of chronic diseases

Chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, kidney disease etc can develop the associated complications in the eyes. Getting appropriate treatment helps in reducing the risk of such complications.

  • Avoid smoking

Avoiding smoking can decrease the risk of eye diseases such as ARMD, cataract and diabetic retinopathy.

  • Maintain good hygiene

Practising good hygiene like frequent hand washing can prevent eyes from getting eye infections. Avoid old eye make-up products and avoid touching or rubbing your eyes.

  • Know your family eye disease history

It is necessary to know about the family history of certain diseases such as ARMD, cataract, glaucoma and myopia.

CONCLUSION
It is natural to have eye-related problems once we start ageing. Our lifestyle and diet also has a huge impact on our eyes. Having a healthy and balanced diet that includes eye vitamins is essential. Regular eye exercises also give strength to your eyes. It is beneficial to take frequent eye exams to prevent the occurence of any disease.

Ojas Eye Hospital A Center of Excellence for Contoura Vision, Femto Bladefree Lasik in Mumbai, India.