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Presbyopia: Are Reading Glasses The Only Option?

Presbyopia: Are Reading Glasses The Only Option?

April 15, 2020

Introduction

Presbyopia is an old age condition found in almost all the elderly. In this condition, the ability of the lens to focus on the near objects gets reduced. Various treatment options such as glasses, contact lenses, and surgery are available. If you want to under a laser eye surgery in Mumbai, opt for the best ophthalmologist in Mumbai.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is the old age condition that reduces the ability to see the near objects. As the age increases, the lens of the eye gets stiff. This results in the loss of the ability of the lens to change focus. This condition develops in almost all elderly people, especially those who are above 50 years of age.

There is also a risk of premature presbyopia in some patients. Patients with cardiovascular disease, anemia, diabetes, farsightedness, eye disease, and multiple sclerosis are at increased risk for premature presbyopia.

The symptoms of presbyopia include difficulty reading small letters, having a headache or eye strain. Such people have to hold the material farther away from the eye.

Treatment Options

Various treatment options may help you to correct this condition. Various options available are non-prescription glasses, prescription glasses, contact lenses, surgery, and orthokeratology lenses. Each option has its advantages and disadvantages. Your ophthalmologist may advise you on the option that best suits you depending upon your condition and lifestyle. 

Non-Prescription Glasses

Non-prescription glasses are available for those people who do not require any glasses before developing presbyopia. These glasses are used while reading or while doing close work. The non-prescription glasses are generally available at various stores. While purchasing a non-prescription reading glass, various things should be kept in mind. Different degrees of magnification f reading glasses should be tried. The one that provides you the best vision during newspaper reading may have opted.

Prescription Glasses

Prescription glasses are used by those people who are already using the glasses to correct any other ocular condition. Those patients who are not happy with the magnification provided by the non-prescription reading glasses may also opt for prescription glasses. Bifocal glasses are another option that has two vision frames separated by a line. The upper part is used for distance while the lower part s to see the close objects.

Surgery

Various surgical options are available for managing presbyopia. During surgery, one eye is set for distant vision while the other is set for viewing close objects. This type of vision is termed as a monovision or blended vision. Implantation of the multifocal lens is another option in such patients. Other surgical process includes Conductive keratoplasty and Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). However, surgery provides no guarantee for maintaining the perfect vision as the patient gets older.

Contact Lens

Patients who are annoyed by frequently watching for their glasses may opt for contact lenses. The advantages of contact lenses include options to choose contact lenses and reading glasses alternatively, and the ability to alter them according to prescription. When used according to the instructions, they are safe and comfortable.

Orthokeratology Lenses

These lenses are new in the market. These lenses are worn only during the night. These lenses mould the cornea in such a way to provide a clear vision during the day.

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